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Recidivism is one of the most hotly contested topics both in the field of criminal justice as well as in everyday life. Recidivism is defined loosely as the likelihood of a person to return to incarceration or to commit a new crime upon release after serving a sentence imposed by a court of law. The causes of recidivism have been debated since penal systems have been implemented. The solutions proposed to stem the tide of career criminals or repeat offenders have been numerous as well as contradictory. The main source of debate comes from two competing ideologies, those who seek to reintroduce offenders back into the community and those who seek to isolate offenders and see this as punishment for their crime. The purpose of this research is to shed light on the root causes of recidivism in North America as well as analyze proposed solutions to the problem of recidivism.
Hispanic-American women are often overlooked in U.S. society, infrequently represented in commercials, magazines, or movies. However, when Hispanic-American women appear in these spectra of media, they are often slim, attractive, and have a sexual appeal to men. In Spanish literature, women writers are disregarded for their introspective and, often, critical works. Julia de Burgos and Alfonsina Storni are two amazing female writers who focus inwardly on women and how they are supposed to appear to the world. The criticize themselves at times, but in a mordant way to show that women are not the problem, but men have a direct hand in the way that others and women view themselves. Does the manner that the media portray Hispanic-American women give them eating disorders and false goals to achieve? There is a growing amount of eating disorders in the U.S. among women in general and the media are blamed for many of them. However, Hispanic-Americans (specifically women) are usually bypassed. The information I have found in both the literature and media, either proves or disproves my theory.
Political scientists have been looking for a model that could explain government action. In my paper, I operate under the theory that the pivotal voter (defined in my research as the voter with the median income) affects public policy (Black, 1948). In order to test this I use a hypothesis from which states that the closer an individual is to the median voter the more satisfied the individual is with the current policy (Barr and Davis, 1966). Through this I show that policy is created in order to satisfy the median voter. In order to test this I use the survey method to test the level of public spending, which is how I define current policy. I use the cluster sampling technique, and my database is Easton Town Center shoppers. To test the results of my data I use the correlation techniques, chi squared, Cramer's V, lambda, gamma, and Pearson correlation. I hope that this data lends support to the median voter theory, which is useful in providing an understanding of policy and its origin.
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